View Our
Facebook Page!

Report Fraud, Waste,
and Abuse

Online Services Payments, GIS Maps, Tax Information
Contact Department contacts, Reports and Requests

Moccasin Bend Wastewater Plant


Pumping Stations
Storm Stations


 Permit Number TN0024210

Summary Descriptions of Moccasin Bend Wastewater Plant Systems

pdfMAP  pdfProcess Legend 

Liquid Handling Systems

HISTORY of Wastewater Treatment in the U.S.

Influent Pumping

Raw wastewater enters the Moccasin Bend WasteWater Treatment Plant influent pump station wet well through bar screens. The screens remove large pieces of paper, rags, leaves, plastic bottles and tin cans. After screening, the wastewater is pumped to the grit removal system and more screening.

Grit Removal and Fine Screens

Detritors are used to remove grit, rock, sand and gravel from the raw wastewater before it passes through fine screens

The screens remove cigarette filters and other pieces of debris smaller than .25 inches in size.

Primary Clarification System

Flow leaves the grit removal system and enters the primary settling basins. Raw sludge and floating scum is collected in the primary system. Raw sludge is pumped to the gravity sludge thickeners and floating scum is removed and screened and dewatered through rotating basket type screens.

Flow Equalization System

The treated primary wastewater next enters the equalization basins before secondary treatment. The equalizations basins are used to store water during high flow conditions and to create a constant flow rate to the secondary treatment system.  Blowers provide air to the equalization basins to keep the solids suspended and prevent the wastewater from going septic. Equalization pumps pump the wastewater from the basins to the activated sludge process.

 Secondary Treatment Process

The secondary treatment process is a biological activated sludge high purity oxygen process. Microorganisms are used to convert suspended and dissolved solids to settleable solids. High purity oxygen is supplied for the microorganisms in the activated sludge system by an on-site, cryogenic air separation plant.

Secondary Clarification System

Wastewater called mixed liquor flows from the activated sludge system to secondary clarifiers. Sludge collected in the secondary clarifiers flow by gravity to a return sludge pump station. The (RAS) pumps return a portion of the sludge back to the activated sludge system to keep the food chain going for the microorganisms in the secondary influent wastewater. A portion of the (RAS) flow called waste activated sludge (WAS) is pumped to thickeners to be thickened before dewatering.

Microbes of Activated Sludge Video

Mighty Microbe Charecter Cards Page 11

pdfMighty Microbe Character Cards with Real Pics of Microbes.pdf

Disinfection System

The cleaned wastewater leaves the secondary clarifiers and enters a chlorine contact tank. Sodium hypochlorite is injected into the water to disinfect the treated plant effluent.

Dechlorination System

Liquid sodium bisulfite is injected in the plant effluent after chlorination to remove the chlorine before it is released to the Tennessee River.

Wet Weather System

Wet Weather Pumping/Screening

When the flow coming to the plant exceeds the capacity of the influent pump station, the wet weather system is activated.

Wet weather flow enters the influent relief pump station through fine screens. A mechanical bar screen is available for backup in case the fine screen malfunctions.

Wet Weather Grit Removal

Wet weather flow leaving the influent relief pump station is routed to vortex type grit separators to remove the grit, rock, and sand from the wastewater.

Wet Weather Primary Treatment

The next phase of the wet weather treatment process is primary treatment. Aluminum sulfate or polymer is added in the effluent line of the wet weather grit removal system to enhance solids separation in the wet weather primary clarifiers.The sludge is collected and pumped to gravity thickeners.

Wet Weather Disinfection

After primary treatment the wet weather flow is disinfected with sodium hypochlorite and dechlorinated with sodium bisulfite before being combined with the secondary effluent flow. The combined flow has to meet the same NPDES limits as the plant effluent flow during dry weather flow.

Solids Handling System

There are two (2) types of solids produced by the wastewater treatment processes, both of which receive further treatment resulting in the production of a biosolids fertilizer product suitable for land application.  The first type of solids is called primary sludge, which is thickened in gravity thickeners.  A portion of this thickened material is pumped into a thermophilic-mesophilic anaerobic digestion process for volume reduction and stabilization.  These solids are then pumped to a sludge holding tank prior to dewatering.

The second type of solids is called waste activated sludge, which is also thickened in gravity thickeners together with the primary solids.  This mixture is pumped to the same sludge holding tank prior to dewatering.

All solids from the sludge holding tank are then dewatered and further conditioned and stabilized by either the centrifuge process or the filter press process, both of which are described below.

Centrifuge System

The Centrifuge Building operates with 2 Flottweg Model Z-73 high G centrifuges. These units are rated at 60 dry tons per day per machine.The dewatered biosolidscake from the machines range from 20-25%.

Dewatered biosolids are post-lime stabilized using lime-kiln dust (50+/-% available CaO) Class B biosolids is produced with material that ranges 27-32% solids.

Filter Press System

The Filter Press Building operates with six (6) U.S. Filter JVAP Model 2000-V30 heated-diaphragm/vacuum-drying filter presses. Each press has a rated capacity of 8.6 dry tons per day and produces a 50% solids cake.

The long-term disposal options for the product produced by the Solids System (Class B Biosolids) include land application and other beneficial use products.


We, the members of the Professional Wastewater Operations Division, are dedicated to the task of conserving a healthy environment for terrestrial and aquatic life.

We are obligated by duty, conscience and personal power  to meet at a minimum permit limits as set forth by this state, province, or country.

We, as operations professionals, will fulfill our responsibility to protect the interest and investment in the facility by maintaining safe, attractive, economical, and efficient wastewater treatment facilities to the best of our ability.

We will endeavor to increase our knowledge and skills in modern technology in the science of water pollution control to advance to the point of returning water back to its natural state upon which all forms of life depend.

Created by Casey Hall 1983
Adopted by the WEF 1992

 NACWA’s Peak Performance Awards Program

2014 Silver Award

  Moccasin Bend National Park Service Cultural Landscape Report


Billing questions should be directed to 311.

Regarding Sewer Credits
(423) 643-7400 (Industrial/Commercial Only)

Regarding Water Bill
TAWC 866-736-6420
Hixson Utility (423) 877-3513

Regarding New Industry Location
Pretreatment Supervisor (423) 643-7400

To report leaky manholes, sewer leakage, or other sewer complaints, call 311 or for cell phones (423) 643-6311.

Regarding Sewer Location
(423) 643-7400

Regarding Sewer Taps
(423) 643-7400

Should you have a problem with your sewer line, call 311 before you call a plumber. There could be a problem with the main line and this could save you a plumbing bill.

Swimming pool credits are no longer issued per Ordinance 11884.